The Investigative Committee is a unified and centralized system of state law enforcement agencies, which are the preliminary investigation agencies, exercising authority in the area of pre-trial criminal proceedings.
The Investigative Committee is a paramilitary organization with official heraldic symbols.
The Investigative Committee reports to the President of the Republic of Belarus.
The organizations ensuring activity of the Investigative Committee report to the Investigative Committee.
The legal basis of the Investigative Committee is the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, this Law and legal acts of the President of the Republic of Belarus, the Criminal Procedure Code, other legislative acts and treaties of the Republic of Belarus.
If an international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes rules other than those provided in this Law, the provisions of the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus shall apply.
The activity of the Investigative Committee is based on the following principles:
- openness and transparency to the extent, which does not contradict the requirements of the Law on protection of rights and legitimate interests of citizens of the Republic of Belarus, foreign citizens and stateless persons (hereinafter, unless otherwise specified herein, referred to as the citizens), on state secrets, preliminary investigation secret and other protected secret legislative acts;
- unity of the Investigative Committee and centralization of management;
- independence in exercising their powers from activity of other state agencies, political parties and other public associations and other organizations
The main objectives of the Investigative Committee are as follows:
- comprehensive, complete, impartial and prompt investigation of crimes in accordance with the investigative jurisdiction, established by the Criminal Procedural Law;
- protection of rights and legitimate interests of citizens, organizations, protection of state and public interests, compliance with the rule of law in the verification of statements and reports of crimes, initiation of criminal cases, preliminary investigation;
- detection of violations of the Law, causes and conditions conducive to commission of crimes, measures to eliminate them;
- participation within its competence in implementation of criminal policy of the state, development of proposals on improvement of legal regulations in the sphere of law enforcement;
- implementation within its competence of international cooperation in the field of pre-trial criminal proceedings.
The Investigative Committee carries out its activity in cooperation with other government agencies and organizations, including law enforcement agencies and other organizations of foreign states, international organizations, and citizens in accordance with the laws and international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.
Public authorities, other organizations and their officials are obliged to assist the Investigative Committee in carrying out its tasks within their competence.
Citizens may voluntarily assist the Investigative Committee in performance of its tasks.
The Investigative Committee is represented by:
- Central Office of the Investigative Committee;
- Administration of the Investigative Committee for the regions and the city of Minsk;
- District (interdistrict), city offices, district city offices of the Investigative Committee.
Law of the Republic of Belarus dated July 13, 2012 "On the Investigation Committee of the Republic of Belarus" (extract).