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The Investigative Committee
of the Republic of Belarus
Main International co-operation

International co-operation

Pursuant to the clause 4 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus “On Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus”, carrying out of international cooperation in sphere of prejudicial criminal proceeding within its competence is one of the primary objectives of Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 

The international legal department as the part of central office of Investigative Committee was established for ensuring of this important aspect. 

The matters of cooperation with foreign partners in sphere of prejudicial criminal proceeding take the primary place in international activity of Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus. They include rendering of different types of legal assistance in criminal cases. 

Pursuant to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, the Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus is determined to be one of the authorized authorities in carrying out of direct relations with central, territorial and other authorities of the countries, which are the members of the range of international treaties on mutual legal assistance in criminal cases. 

So, pursuant to the Law of the Republic of Belarus dd. December 13, 2011 “On alterations and amendments to some laws of the Republic of Belarus regarding establishment of Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus”, the Investigative Committee was determined to be the competent authority, authorized for relations with competent authorities of the participating countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States within the Convention on legal aid and legal relations in civil, family and criminal cases dd. January 22, 1993 as amended by the Protocol to it dd. March 28, 1997, and Convention of legal aid and legal relations in civil, family and criminal cases dd. October 07, 2002. 

Therewith, the Investigative Committee of the Republic Belarus is the competent authority for international agreements in sphere of crime prevention, entered into within the framework of the Commonwealth of Independent States. 

Cooperation of Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus regarding rendering of legal assistance is carried out on the basis of international agreements or the principle of mutuality. Fundamental legal principles for rendering of international legal assistance in criminal cases on the basis of the principle of mutuality are determined in section XV of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Belarus. 

For the time of operation of the Investigative Committee it was succeeded to establish meaningful cooperation not only with law-enforcement authorities of the participating countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, Investigation Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine, Prosecutor General’s Office and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan, etc.), but also with our colleagues from the other countries. In 2018 the investigators of the Investigative Committee have complied with the requests on rendering of legal assistance, obtained from the competent authorities of 20 countries, and in our turn we have forwarded the similar requests to the competent authorities of 72 countries. 

Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus takes an active part in development of drafts of the treaties on mutual legal assistance in criminal cases and different aspects of crime prevention. The participation of Investigative Committee in work of the meetings of authorized representatives, experts of the participating countries of CIS on development and approval of the range of drafts of the treaties on international legal cooperation and others within the framework of CIS and the Collective Security Treaty Organization. 

The efforts, aimed at development of interdepartmental collaboration with foreign partners contributed immeasurably to the strengthening of relations with the competent authorities of foreign countries. 

So, for example, the treaties on cooperation were signed with Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation, Ministry of the Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 

Mentioned international agreements stipulate the new forms of cooperation, such as: assistance in training and personnel development, including by their sending to scientific and educational institutions; assistance in carrying out of prejudicial examinations; exchange of professional experience and different information; organization of working meetings and consultations on actual matters; carrying out of mutual scientific researches, research and practice seminars and conferences, etc. 

Within the framework of Treaty’s implementation, the matter on the opportunity of study of the employees of Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus and Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation in educational institutions of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation and Institute for professional retraining and advanced training of judges, officials of public prosecution offices, courts and justice institutions of the Belarusian State University, was solved positively. 

Cooperation of prejudicial proceeding authorities of the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Armenia and the Russian Federation is the priority for the Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 

In 2017-2018 three joint meetings of panels of Investigative Committees of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation were constituted, where different aspects of three-party cooperation, separate theoretical and practical issued of organization of prejudicial proceeding in criminal cases were discussed. 

Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus proceeded meaningful cooperation with law-enforcement authorities of foreign countries in sphere of prejudicial criminal proceeding. 

At the invitation of American part, the delegation of Investigative Committee headed by the Chairman, in period from January 29 till February 01, 2018 had the working visit in the United States of America. Within the framework of the visit Belarusian delegation visited headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the USA and the Academy of establishment, located in Quantico. 

The range of working meetings with management team of FBI of the USA was held, the specific arrangements on further bilateral cooperation upon crime investigation, as well as on the opportunity of study of employees of the Investigative Committee on the base of the Academy of FBI were achieved. Following the results of the meeting with deputy director of FBI of the USA, the Protocol was signed, where both parties documentarily certified the interest of two establishments in entering into full-fledged interstate agreement on legal assistance in criminal cases, which is to be the fundamental document of bilateral cooperation in criminal legal sphere.  

Following on from the achieved arrangements, the representatives of FBI of the USA visited the central office of Investigative Committee twice (in March and in June, 2018), where they discussed current affairs of international crime prevention, several aspects of cooperation upon investigation of the range of criminal cases in sphere of high technologies.  

At the invitation of American colleagues, the representatives of central investigation department of Investigative Committee regularly undertake the internship on the base of the National center of cybercrime prevention and staff training, located in Pittsburgh. 

For the purpose of improvement of effectiveness of crime prevention, including transnational one, the Investigative Committee of the Republic of Belarus will proceed with its work on establishment of working, business contacts with law-enforcement authorities of foreign countries.